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United Nations University ,Tokyo, Japan acknowledged the operation of a Regional Centre of Expertise (RCE-Tirupati) on ‘Education for Sustainable Development’ under the Chairmanship of Prof.R.Ramamurthi. The Foundation is being launched at Orion Hall of Hotel Pai Viceroy on Oct 1st 2015 at 7.30 pm.

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GREEN ECONOMICS

Green philosophy has come to stay.  There is a world wide awakening of concepts of eco-protection, habitat reconstruction and sustainable use of resources.  This awakening is not enough it must be integrated with socio-political economy of every country. We do agree that the resources are finite and excessive extraction creates imbalance and that is what the whole field of Green Economics about. Whether it is energy sector, water, food and agriculture or waste minimization and appropriate waste management, knowledge connectivity in rural areas with emphasis on education, health and alternate livelihoods should become a major component of country’s Green economic policy. 

Green economic principles lead to alter finite resources into sustainable and in some cases renewable resources .  In the case of finite natural resources such as gas, uranium, oil and coal, taxation policy should induce conservation while in living resources such as biodiversity, green economics promotes replenishment of stock and enhance regenerative capacity in nature.  By encouraging and subsidizing re-use and recycling technologies, high volume depletion is arrested and load on environment in decreased. While consumption patterns and numbers of population in a society are variable in any given country appropriate social vision and social action should remedy    the situation in the long run.  Sustainable society which promotes equity and justice is still largely utopian in the current
scenario since the possibility of making a product,  ESS (Environmentally and Socially Sustainable) is far reaching in approach and implementation under the operating systems of WTO & GATT etc.

Ecological foot prints:

            . This is usually expressed as  land area in terms of global hectares per person.  The foot print analysis reveals that human foot print is so big that exceeded the planet’s biocapacity by 25%  a matter that cannot be side lined any  more.  Though EF index is calculated on the basis of per person, realistically it works only for communities.         
Once you do ecological over spending you are not giving enough time to mother nature to regenerate and re-cooperate resources that have been used, whatever the  sector  may be   wood, fish, reeds and water etc.  This is a kind of ‘debt’ to ‘Mother Nature’.

Innovative Technologies and appropriate technologies:
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            Innovative technologies are those which are mostly cost effective and are developed to resource specific issues of rural and urban needs. Communication technologies changing in character and configuration every day may come under this category.  Knowledge dissemination, information transfer, health delivery systems, educational technologies could be innovative to serve the needs of the society.  Where we talk in terms of energy sources such as in wind generated energy, wave generated energy, solar power and biofuel energy they all need innovative appropriate technologies for harnessing and distribution  
Once offered as an aid, the efficiency of the technology is so high that the developing nations benefit.  The term ‘appropriate technology’ is desirable when used for location specific application such as ‘ Appropriate technology for rural housing development’ or Appropriate technology for rural water security.  Innovative technologies would never mean cost effective but should be made so in order to be able to provide low cost technologies for energy production and distribution, water extraction, purification and use for drinking purposes and for agriculture. So many low cost technologies are developed for water purification information and  and communication technologies at affordable level could play a huge role in providing to needy communities education, livelihood and health care. Same thing could be said about technologies for harnessing solar, wind and bioenergy. Cooling systems in tropical countries depend on appropriate and innovative technologies for rural countries for storing food and horticultural produce for greater length of time. Solar disinfection of drinking water, use of coagulants and salts for removal of suspended matter from water have already become popular.  Linking Science and Technology with Social vision and action has been a dictum more preached than practiced. Bio-engineering and tissue-engineering have potential to offer treatment  through regenerative medicine.  Biochips are entering the market organogenesis is receiving utmost attention not only to cure or replace affected tissues and organs  but to prevent damage and degeneration. Hearing lessons from the  animals such as bivalves in which mineralization  takes place in protein matrix, hybrid materials being produced to serve human needs  - eg Viruses spinning spider webs of great tensile strength are attracting attention.  Biotherapics both tratidional and modern are to be promoted and propagated.  Tele-medicine using satellite technology for diagnosis and treatment of diseases has already arrived.   

 Disaster Management:
Disasters : Natural as well as Man made : Paradigm shift – Relief and Rehabilitation to Mitigation ;advances and applications of Science & Technology and Development soft ware – Peoples empowerment and participating. Dictum conflict anywhere dangers everywhere
Disaster management process here can have a niche only when it is backed up an understanding that nothing happens without a plan and that plan is ever finished.  One can talk about various phases of such plans, but the best ones should emerge from senior Management support.  Shouldn’t it be critical for risk manages to be equipped with as much as they possibly can?  Its quintessence lies in using an efficient management structure that has to reflect globality and locality of disaster milicus, particularly in a developing country like ours.


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